U.S. Mint Produces 546 Million Coins in September; Kennedy Mintages Rise Again

In addition to updated monthly and year-to-date mintages for circulating U.S. coins, the United States Mint, for the first time, reported mintages for the 2023 Eleanor Roosevelt quarter.

CoinNews photo 2023 Eleanor Roosevelt quarters
This CoinNews photo shows a stack of Eleanor Roosevelt quarters. The U.S. Mint produced 763.2 million of them for circulation.

For the fourth consecutive month, the United States Mint reduced its coin production pace in September. Furthermore, not only was the total under one billion for the first time this year, but it was also the lowest for a month since December 2019.

Last month, the U.S. Mint struck just over 546 million coins, including cents, nickels, dimes, quarters, and half dollars, marking a 47% decrease from August and a 45.6% drop from September 2022. The month also signifies the seventh this year in which Kennedy halves were produced, with their total now above 25 million, the most since 2001.

Here’s how the month ranks against others in the past year:

September 2022 to September 2023 Circulating Coin Production

Month Mintages Rank
September 2023 546.03 M 13
August 2023 1,030.38 M 9
July 2023 1,139.30 M 7
June 2023 1,297.18 M 2
May 2023 1,417.78 M 1
April 2023 1,250.32 M 3
March 2023 1,187.94 M 5
February 2023 1,054.16 M 8
January 2023 1,200.46 M 4
December 2022 846.50 M 12
November 2022 906.00 M 11
October 2022 1,177.14 M 6
September 2022 1,003.72 M 10


Fewer Pennies

The main mission of the U.S. Mint is to manufacture coins in response to public demand. The Mint produces, sells and then delivers circulating coins to Federal Reserve Banks to support their service to commercial banks and other financial institutions.

Even though it costs the Mint 2.72 cents to make and distribute each 1-cent coin, the Federal Reserve always orders more of them than any other denomination.

In September, the Mint struck 180 million Lincoln cents, which accounted for 33% of the circulating-quality coins made for the month. This continues a trend that began in May 2022, when the percentage of cents produced in a given month fell below 50%. Historically, before then, more than half of the coins produced in each month were cents. For instance, in January of last year, 59.8% of the circulating coins minted were cents, which contrasts with the current situation.


In month-over-month comparisons for coins used daily by Americans, production totals in September declined by:

  • 58.3% for Lincoln cents,
  • 15.4% for Jefferson nickels,
  • 68.1% for Roosevelt dimes, and
  • 19.9% for quarters.

2023 Kennedy Half Dollar Mintages Reach 25.1 Million

In addition to cents, nickels, dimes, and quarters, the U.S. Mint also produces dollars and half dollars in circulating quality. While the Federal Reserve no longer orders Native American $1 coins, they are still minted in circulating quality for coin collectors. This was also true for Kennedy half dollars until recently, specifically beginning in 2021.

Typically, in January, the U.S. Mint produces both denominations in the expected amounts needed for the entire year. However, this remains the case only for Native American dollars, as Kennedy halves saw their mintages increase in multiple months in 2021, 2022, and 2023.

In the past two fiscal years (2021 and 2022), the Federal Reserve unexpectedly ordered millions more Kennedy half dollars for circulation, with amounts of about 12 million and 7 million, respectively. It’s expected that Kennedy half dollars have been produced for general circulation in 2023 as well, with the total struck increasing by 6.3 million in September, 4.8 million in August, 3.2 million in July, 1.7 million in May, 2.5 million in April, 2.2 million in March, and 4.4 million in January.

As of now, the combined total of halves is 25.1 million, the highest since the 40.7 million in 2001, with 11.8 million from Denver and 13.3 million from Philadelphia. This is in comparison to the 2022 production runs, which totaled 4.9 million from Denver and 4.8 million from Philadelphia, for a combined total of 9.7 million coins.

The mintages of Native American dollars have remained unchanged since January, with splits of 1.12 million from the Denver Mint and 1.12 million from the Philadelphia Mint, for a combined total of 2.24 million coins. In contrast, the 2022 dollar recorded equal splits of 980,000 from each facility, for a total of 1.96 million coins.

On Feb. 6, U.S. Mint started selling rolls, bags and boxes of 2023 Native American dollars. On May 15, the bureau started offering collectors rolls and bags of circulating 2023 Kennedy halves.

This next table shows a summary of all the circulating-quality coins produced last month:

U.S. Mint Circulating Coin Production in September 2023

Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cent 120,000,000 60,000,000 180,000,000
Jefferson Nickel 77,040,000 36,010,000 113,050,000
Roosevelt Dime 5,500,000 74,980,000 80,480,000
Quarters 108,000,000 58,200,000 166,200,000
Kennedy Half-Dollar 6,400,000 -100,000 6,300,000
Native American $1 Coin 0 0 0
Total 316,940,000 229,090,000 546,030,000


Regarding overall production totals for September, the Denver Mint struck 316.94 million coins, while the Philadelphia Mint made 229.09 million coins, resulting in a combined production of 546,030,000 coins.

YTD Totals

Year to date, the Denver Mint has struck 5,036,800,000 coins, and the Philadelphia Mint has made 4,086,800,000 coins, for a total production of 10,123,600,000 coins. This figure is 5.3% lower than the 10,690,740,000 coins manufactured during the same period in 2022.

If the current production pace were to continue through December, the annual mintage for 2023 would be near 13.5 billion coins. In comparison, the U.S. Mint produced over 13.6 billion coins for circulation in 2022.

This next table lists coin production totals by denomination and by U.S. Mint facility:

YTD 2023 Circulating Coin Production by Denomination

1 ¢ 5 ¢ 10 ¢ 25 ¢ 50 ¢ N.A. $1 Total:
Denver 1961.2M 676.56M 1238.5M 1147.6M 11.8M 1.12M 5036.8M
Philadelphia 1924M 635.05M 1362.5M 1150.8M 13.3M 1.12M 4086.8M
Total 3885.2M 1311.6M 2601M 2298.4M 25.1M 2.24M 10123.6M


2023 Eleanor Roosevelt Quarter Mintages Released

In addition to the 2023 Native American dollar with its one-year-only design, the U.S. Mint through September released the first four of five coins for 2023 from their four-year program of American Women Quarters™. These four quarters represent the sixth through ninth in the series, and each features a unique design.

For the first time, mintages for the Roosevelt quarter have been published, with 349.8 million from Denver and 413.4 million from Philadelphia, for a combined 763.2 million quarters. This is the highest mintage total for any quarter in the series to date.

The final quarter design for this year, featuring Maria Tallchief, is scheduled to be released on Oct. 23.

Of note, when examining the coin production by denomination in the table above, there are 174.6 million more quarters produced through September than indicated in the production breakdown by coin design in the table below. The alignment of the two figures will occur toward the end of the year when mintages for the Jovita Idar and Maria Tallchief quarters become available.

This table breaks down this year’s reported mintages by coin design, including quarters:

Published 2023 Circulating Production by Coin Design

Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cent 1,961,200,000 1,924,000,000 3,885,200,000
Jefferson Nickel 676,560,000 635,050,000 1,311,610,000
Roosevelt Dime 1,238,500,000 1,362,500,000 2,601,000,000
Bessie Coleman Quarter 317,200,000 302,000,000 619,200,000
Edith Kanaka’Ole Quarter 368,600,000 372,800,000 741,400,000
Eleanor Roosevelt Quarter 349,800,000 413,400,000 763,200,000
Jovita Idar Quarter
Maria Tallchief Quarter
Kennedy Half-Dollar 11,800,000 13,300,000 25,100,000
Native American $1 Coin 1,120,000 1,120,000 2,240,000
Total 4,924,780,000 5,024,170,000 9,948,950,000


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I won’t get a Jovita Idar AWQ until December. A Maria Tallchief AWQ until next year, possibly in February. 🙁

Frankie Fontaine

And yet has anyone gotten more the 1 or 3 AWQs I change? Rolls, hahaha @ banks. I got 2Ride and 2 Anna Womg@ Kruger. Someone,like those elusive 2008 nickS and dimes is hoarding them, salted away. Brinks….BoA sorters…Loomi$ dealer wannabe§??
They will likely show up in 2028 like those BU State quarters are popping up everywhere


The ones I’ve never been able to get are the Yosemite America The Beautiful quarters. I suppose Yosemite hoarded them all to sell to tourists who visit the park. 🙁


as a very unscientific check, i looked at all the quarters i have collected recently in ordinary change without going out of my way (i.e. no rolls from the bank or anything like that) – I tend to use the quarters but right now I have 27 to look at. i went through them and the population was: 9 ‘regular’ clad quarters, 7 state quarters, 7 ATB quarters, 3 women quarters (2 for 2022, 1 for 2023 – eleanor roosevelt) and 1 bicentennial quarter (i think people have finally realized these things are only ever going to be worth 25… Read more »


So now we have mystery Kennedy halves being produced for circulation but where are they going, I wonder? It’s been years since I’ve received a Kennedy half in payment at my job (and we still go through a lot of cash transactions)

The cent trend is troubling, but expected, I suppose. I’ll always have a soft spot for the humble cent (despite its lack of utility for the past 40+ years at least 🙂 )


I too wonder where they are actually used. I will periodically get a few rolls of halves from the bank. The last time I received a roll of 2022 halves. I search the rolls for silver but I have not been lucky in a long time. I like to spend them, but I do not recall getting one back in change. Often times the cashier will ask for their manager to verify that the coin is genuine and that they can accept them.


most cashiers don’t want to deal with half dollars or even dollar coins for that matter. most cash drawers in the US only have 4 spots for coins (cent/nickel/dime/quarter) and 5 spots for bills ($1/$5/$10/$20/$50) with $100s usually getting stuffed under the drawer. so any other denominations wind up being a pain to handle – this is the main reason, i think, they just don’t get given out unless you ask when they happen to have one. when (not if) cents are discontinued, then probably the dollar coins would get used more, but half dollars seem less likely to get… Read more »


Canada got rid of their cents 11 years ago and I’m still finding a couple a week in my penny rolls at work! I wonder how much of their mintage has gotten entangled in the US’s?

Only Queen Elizabeth one I haven’t gotten is 2009 and I’m down to 1938 and 1939 for George VI (I’ve only ever gotten one George V – a 1933 – so I’m not expected to complete that set!)

@erv : My area banks haven’t let me get halves since 2017 (stupid mergers!). I miss the fun of finding what I might each month.

Richard Arguile

Just pass a law making the one cent coin worth two cents in 2026 and then start minting the exact same coin in 2025 with “two cents” on it. Pay banks $125 for every $100 of cents returned starting in 2024 and increase that to $150 for every $100 of cents in 2025.
An amazing billions of cents would reappear from personal stashes if the incentive was there. There would be no need to mint any new cent coins.


Years ago i would have like to have seen the half dollar reverse matched up with the Apollo 11 patch that was on the back of the Eisenhower dollar.