2019-W $50 Proof American Buffalo Gold Coin Released


Beginning at noon EDT today, April 12, collectors can order the annually issued proof $50 American Buffalo 1-ounce gold coin for $1,660.

2019-W $50 Proof American Buffalo Gold Coin - Both Sides and Case
The 2019-W $50 Proof American Buffalo Gold Coin ships in a hardwood box with a matte finish and a leather-like inset. It is accompanied by a Certificate of Authenticity.

Produced in the United States Mint at West Point, the .9999 fine 24-karat gold piece is the collectible version of the investment-grade American Buffalo Gold Bullion Coin.

The bullion and companion proof coins are authorized under Public Law 109-145. Imagery found on the first releases was directed by Congress to showcase:

"Designs by James Earle Fraser, which appear on the 5-cent coin commonly referred to as the ‘Buffalo nickel’ or the ‘1913 Type 1’."

These designs continue to appear on both sets of gold coins.

The first proof Gold Buffalo launched in 2006. The 1-ounce coins opened at prices and achieved sales of:

Year Debut Price Final Sales
2018 (released on May 10) $1,710.00 15,754
2017 (released on May 11) $1,590.00 15,810
2016 (released on March 31) $1,590.00 21,878
2015 (released on April 9) $1,590.00 16,591
2014 (released on May 8) $1,640.00 20,557
2013 (released on May 23) $1,790.00 18,594
2012 (released March 15) $1,960.00 19,715
2011 (released May 19) $1,760.00 28,683
2010 (released June 3) $1,510.00 49,263
2009 (released October 29) $1,360.00 49,306
2008 (released July 22) $1,199.95 18,863
2007 (released May 23) $825.95 58,998
2006 (released June 22) $800.00 246,267


Along with the 1-ounce proof and bullion coins, the U.S. Mint has issued other variations of the American Gold Buffalo to include fractional editions and a special reverse proof to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the James Earle Fraser designs.

American Buffalo Gold Coin Designs and Specifications

Appearing on the coin’s obverse (heads side) is a right-facing representation of a Native American. The image by James Earle Fraser is said to be taken from a composite of three different individuals. Inscriptions include "LIBERTY" and "2019." In addition, below the year is Fraser’s "F" initial and above it is the West Point’s "W’ mintmark.

2019-W $50 Proof American Buffalo Gold Coin - Obverse
This image shows the gold coin’s obverse or heads side

On the reverse (tails side) is Fraser’s depiction of an American Buffalo (bison), which also gives the coin series its name. Inscriptions read: "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA," "E PLURIBUS UNUM," "IN GOD WE TRUST," "$50," "1 OZ.," and ".9999 FINE GOLD.

2019-W $50 Proof American Buffalo Gold Coin - Reverse
This image shows the coin’s reverse or tails side

Coin specifications include a diameter of  1.287 inches (32.70 mm), a weight of 31.103 grams, and a reeded edge.


The 2019-W $50 Proof American Buffalo Gold Coin may be ordered directly from the U.S. Mint via its webpage dedicated to gold coins, or by calling 1-800-USA-MINT (872-6468).

Its price of $1,660 will change over time, possibly weekly. The Mint’s gold coins are tied to its pricing matrix and gold market conditions.

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