U.S. Mint Produces 3.4 Billion Coins in First Quarter

U.S. Mint data also showed the production numbers for the Bessie Coleman quarter, the first of this year's five quarters with unique designs.

CoinNews photo Bessie Coleman quarters
This CoinNews photo shows a stack of Bessie Coleman quarters. The Mint produced 619.2 million of them for circulation.

The United States Mint produced over 3.4 billion coins during the first quarter of 2022. This is down from last year’s amount of 3.96 billion coins. However, it’s worth noting that last year’s amount was the highest first quarterly total since 2017.

In March, the Mint ramped up its pace of producing coins for circulation. Their production plants in Philadelphia and Denver shipped over 1.18 billion coins, including cents, nickels, dimes, quarters, and half dollars. Although this reflects a 12.7% increase from February, it marks an 18.2% decrease from the same month last year.

Here’s how the month ranks against others in the past year:

March 2022 to March 2023 Circulating Coin Production

Month Mintages Rank
March 2023 1,187.94 M 5
February 2023 1,054.16 M 9
January 2023 1,200.46 M 4
December 2022 846.50 M 13
November 2022 906.00 M 12
October 2022 1,177.14 M 6
September 2022 1,003.72 M 10
August 2022 948.06 M 11
July 2022 1,100.62 M 8
June 2022 1,141.60 M 7
May 2022 1,255.32 M 3
April 2022 1,278.88 M 2
March 2022 1,452.58 M 1


Fewer Pennies

The U.S. Mint’s main mission is to manufacture coins in requested quantities to meet public demand. The Mint produces, sells and then delivers circulating coins to Federal Reserve Banks to support their service to commercial banks and other financial institutions.

The Federal Reserve always orders more 1-cent coins than any other denomination even though the latest data shows that it costs the Mint 2.72 cents to make and distribute each one.

The Mint struck 400.4 million Lincoln cents in March, accounting for 33.7% of the circulating-quality coins made for the month. This continues a trend below 50% which began in May. Historically, before then, more than half of the coins produced in a given month were cents. As an example, contrasting the change, last year’s high-water mark happened in January when 59.8% of the circulating coins minted were cents.


In month-over-month comparisons for coins used daily by Americans, production totals in March saw:

  • 6.2% fewer for Lincoln cents,
  • 21% more for Jefferson nickels,
  • 25.5% more for Roosevelt dimes, and
  • 27.2% more for quarters.

Mintages of Native American Dollars and Kennedy Halves

The U.S. Mint also produces other coins in circulating quality, namely dollars and half dollars. Although Native American $1 coins are no longer ordered by the Federal Reserve, they are still minted in circulating quality for coin collectors. The same was true for Kennedy half dollars until recently, specifically in 2021 and 2022.

Usually, in January, the U.S. Mint produces both denominations in the expected amounts needed for the entire year. This remained the case for Native American dollars but not for Kennedy halves, which saw their mintages increase in multiple months in 2021, 2022, and now 2023. In the prior two years, the Federal Reserve unexpectedly ordered millions more just for circulation (in amounts of about 12 million and 7 million in fiscal years 2021 and 2022, respectively).

It has not been disclosed whether any 2023 Kennedy half dollars will be produced for general circulation, but the total struck in Denver increased in March by 2.2 million, the first additional gains since January. Figures to date have this year’s halves at 4.4 million from Denver and 2.2 million from Philadelphia for a combined total of 6.6 million. This compared to production runs in 2022 totaling 4.9 million from Denver and 4.8 million from Philadelphia for 9.7 million coins.

2023 Native American dollar mintages have not changed with splits of 1.12 million each from the Denver and Philadelphia Mints for a combined 2.24 million coins. In contrast, the 2022 dollar recorded equal splits of 980,000 from each facility for a total of 1.96 million coins.

On Feb. 6, U.S. Mint started selling rolls, bags and boxes of 2023 Native American dollars. On May 15, the bureau is expected to offer collectors rolls and bags of circulating 2023 Kennedy halves.

This next table shows 2023 circulating coin mintages by production facility, denomination, and design.

U.S. Mint Circulating Coin Production in March 2023

Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cent 232,400,000 168,000,000 400,400,000
Jefferson Nickel 81,360,000 73,680,000 155,040,000
Roosevelt Dime 181,500,000 165,000,000 346,500,000
Quarters 146,800,000 137,000,000 283,800,000
Kennedy Half-Dollar 2,200,000 0 2,200,000
Native American $1 Coin 0 0 0
Total 644,260,000 543,680,000 1,187,940,000


In terms of overall production totals for March, the Denver Mint struck 644.26 million coins, while the Philadelphia Mint made 543.68 million coins, resulting in a combined production of 1,187,940,000 coins.

First Quarter 2023

During the first quarter of this year, the Denver Mint struck 1,822,080,000 coins, and the Philadelphia Mint made 1,620,480,000 coins, for a total production of 3,442,560,000 coins. This figure is 13.1% lower than the 3,962,540,000 coins manufactured in the first quarter of 2022.

If the current production pace were to continue through December, the annual mintage for 2023 would surpass 13.7 billion coins. In 2022, the U.S. Mint produced over 13.6 billion coins for circulation.

This next table lists coin production totals by denomination and by U.S. Mint facility:

YTD 2023 Circulating Coin Production by Denomination

1 ¢ 5 ¢ 10 ¢ 25 ¢ 50 ¢ N.A. $1 Total:
Denver 710.8M 236.16M 487M 382.6M 4.4M 1.12M 1822.08M
Philadelphia 601.6M 200.16M 445M 370.4M 2.2M 1.12M 1620.48M
Total 1312.4M 436.32M 932M 753M 6.6M 2.24M 3442.56M


2023 Bessie Coleman Quarter Mintages

In addition to the 2023 Native American dollar with its one-year-only design, the U.S. Mint has also released the first two of five issues for 2023 from their four-year program of American Women Quarters™. These two issues represent the sixth and seventh overall in the series, and each one features a unique design.

The Bessie Coleman quarter, the first quarter design for this year, began circulating on Jan. 3. On February 14, the Mint made rolls and bags of the quarter available for purchase by the public. According to the latest figures from the Mint, a total of 619.2 million Bessie Coleman quarters were minted, with 317.2 million coming from Denver and 302 million from Philadelphia. This is the highest mintage total for any quarter in the series to date.

Of the total production, 133.8 million quarters have not yet been officially assigned to a design by the U.S. Mint. This is a portion of many more Edith Kanakaʻole quarters yet to be made. Kanakaʻole quarters entered circulation on March 27 and are now available for purchase in rolls and bags offered by the U.S. Mint.

Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Dazed and Coinfused

I hope I find the only quarter stamped on an AGE blank. There’s still time to make that Illinois coin show.

Dazed and Coinfused

That’s enough quarters in a year to just about give everyone 40. Or $10 worth. They probably aren’t going to because shipping would be over half the amount they send.


My bank still hasn’t seen these yet, and the latest one to be released either. It’s weird. They’re still at the Anna Wong AWQs. At least I’ll get my silver proof set soon, which will join last year’s set.

Dazed and Coinfused

Trickle down coin collecting. I don’t go to bank. No idea what situation is. I didn’t get the silver set. With billions plus the whatever amount of 3 roll and the clad set and the proof set and this set and that set and other set. On the fence about a w proof ase.

Dazed and Coinfused

Feels like a set up. But I’m all set to see what it can be. And I might even buy depending on the set of circumstances. I’ve set my mind to be open and considering, just hope the mint doesn’t upset my mood. After last night’s sunset, it dawned on me that if gold jumps to $5000 or more I should be set to make it even in hard times. Though I don’t have decades upon decades of collecting and at much cheaper prices. However I would be more than happy to receive anyone’s collection upon their passing if their… Read more »

Seth Riesling


That cute rabbit is driving the getaway car after a bank robbery…I wonder if any bank robbers have ever demanded that the teller give him rolls of coins instead of banknotes??!! (A bank heist by a down-on-his-luck numismatist). Lol.


Last edited 1 year ago by Seth Riesling
Seth Riesling


Happy Easter to you & your family.

Watch out for sugar overdose symptoms from too many Peeps being consumed!
Surgeon General Warning: “Do not eat a whole pack of Peeps washed down with more than 5 cups of coffee due to the risk of spontaneous combustion”.

I hope everyone who reads this has a great Holiday & a peaceful one.



I’m not on the fence…all I plan on buying for the rest of the year is some Morgan and Peace dollars.I’ll let others vie for all the rest of the mints lineup. The mint needs something unique and very limited in order to gin up some collector interest. With all these coins available in the hundreds of thousands, its like everyone gets a trophy for competing..boring!


All good points Major D. I have a few family members that do collect some coins, but these are usually bought from the local banks, not from the mint. And let’s face it, most of todays young don’t have the excess funds to purchase items from the mint. I guess we are a dying breed.


Sir Kaiser, Major D and Craig, as per your comments on the state of coin collecting in the United States, here is what a typical Google search turned up: For many years, the average age of coin collectors has been increasing. According to current estimates, it is now approximately 60 years. As a result, the level of participation in the hobby has not grown (Jan 2, 2019). Once known as the “hobby of kings”, coin collecting is slowly becoming as passé as monarchy itself. From casual collectors to career professionals, and all levels of dedication in between, numismatics is experiencing… Read more »


Kaiser, Man you are opening up a can of worms regarding our school system. Maybe a case of cans of worms! Personally, I would say I think the teachers union has gotten much too big and influential. You know the famous quote “power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.” All one has to do is watch that crazy bi*ch, Randi Weingarten, to see that is true. There also is a disparity between the scholastic results of city schools vs. suburban area schools. One could speculate that the “parents” of the city students might be ill equiped to provide the… Read more »


I do find it perplexing that with information so readily accessible with pocket computers (iPhones and such) our students , in certain areas, can’t read or do simple math. But they can twerk!


During times of inflation, it’s always good to produce more money. 😛


This is the second year in a row where the cent was the last new coin of the year I received (excluding the half dollar and dollar coin, of course) which is unusual. It’s almost always first, sometimes second after the quarter, but last? Especially with so many being made each year? Very strange

My local bank is still claiming a coin shortage (for cents anyway – they wouldn’t even give me the few dollars worth I had sought…I got every other denomination without a problem, though). I thought they were lying to me but now I’ll admit I’m curious