U.S. Mint Produces 14.77 Billion Coins for Circulation in 2020

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CoinNews Photo 2020-D Uncirculated Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Quarter
This CoinNews photo shows a 2020 Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve quarter. Along with annual coin production figures, the U.S. Mint released mintages for this final 2020-dated quarter design.

U.S. coin production surged in 2020, snapping a streak of four straight yearly declines, as the United States Mint stepped up their pressing pace to help stem coin circulation issues resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Production facilities in Philadelphia and Denver shipped over 14.77 billion coins to Federal Reserve Banks in 2020, marking an increase of 23.7% from the over 11.9 billion coins made in 2019. The U.S. Mint’s annual production levels had retreated since 2015. That year, when more than 17 billion coins were made for circulation, the Mint expanded operations and hired more workers as demand for circulating coinage ran quicker for a sixth consecutive year.

Here is a summary of U.S. coin production totals in 2020 compared to those from 2019:

US Mint Annual Coin Production (2020 vs 2019)

  Year 2019 Year 2020 2020 Unit Gain / Loss 2020% Gain / Loss
Cents 7,040,400,000 7,596,400,000 556,000,000 7.9%
Nickels 1,094,894,400 1,623,100,000 528,205,600 48.2%
Dimes 2,149,000,000 2,778,500,000 629,500,000 29.3%
Quarters 1,651,600,000 2,768,000,000 1,116,400,000 67.6%
Half Dollars 3,400,000 5,700,000 2,300,000 67.6%
Native American $1 2,940,000 2,660,000 -280,000 -9.5%
Total 11,942,234,400 14,774,360,000 2,832,125,600 23.7%

 

U.S. Mint plants in Philadelphia and Denver manufacture all of America’s coins for commerce. In 2020, the Philadelphia Mint made 7,081,100,000 coins while the Denver Mint made 7,693,300,000 coins.

Mintages of Kennedy half-dollars and Native American dollars are lower than other coins because they are no longer produced for circulation — Federal Reserve Banks do not order them from the U.S. Mint. The two coins are now made by the Mint only for their numismatic products.

Reported mintages for the 2020 Kennedy half-dollar totaled 5.7 million with splits of 3.4 million from Denver and 2.3 million from Philadelphia. 2019-dated half dollars ended with equal splits of 1.7 million for Denver and Philadelphia for a combined 3.4 million. In contrast, the 2018 half dollar was the most made in 17 years with 6.1 million from Denver and 4.8 million from Philadelphia for 10.9 million coins.

Published mintages of the 2020 Native American dollar came in at 1.26 million from Denver and 1.4 million from Philadelphia for a combined 2.66 million coins. The 2019 dollar had splits of 1.54 million for Denver and 1.4 million for Philadelphia for 2.94 million coins.

The Federal Reserve orders more 1-cent coins than any other denomination despite data that shows it costs the U.S. Mint 1.99 cents to make and distribute each one. The nearly 7.6 billion struck for the year represents 51.4% of the combined production total for 2020.

This next table shows 2020 circulating coin mintages by production facility, denomination and design.

2020 Circulating Coin Production by Design

  Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cents 4,035,600,000 3,560,800,000 7,596,400,000
Jefferson Nickels 837,600,000 785,500,000 1,623,100,000
Roosevelt Dimes 1,445,000,000 1,333,500,000 2,778,500,000
National Park of American Samoa Quarter 212,200,000 286,000,000 498,200,000
Weir Farm National Historic Site Quarter (Connecticut) 155,000,000 125,600,000 280,600,000
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve Quarter (U.S. Virgin Islands) 515,000,000 580,200,000 1,095,200,000
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Quarter (Vermont) 345,800,000 304,600,000 650,400,000
Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Quarter (Kansas) 142,400,000 101,200,000 243,600,000
Kennedy Half-Dollars 3,400,000 2,300,000 5,700,000
Native American $1 Coins 1,260,000 1,400,000 2,660,000
Total 7,693,260,000 7,081,100,000 14,774,360,000

 

Quarter Mintages

Mintages of the U.S. Mint’s series of America the Beautiful Quarters® had strengthened annually until 2016. In 2020, they snapped the string of four year-over-year declines with 2.768 billion million quarters made, marking an increase of 67.6% from 2019.

Annual quarter mintages since the start of the program include:

  • 347 million in 2010,
  • 391.2 million in 2011,
  • 568 million in 2012,
  • 1.455 billion in 2013,
  • 1.58 billion in 2014,
  • 2.99 billion in 2015,
  • 2.35 billion in 2016,
  • 2.11 billion in 2017
  • 1.85 billion in 2018,
  • 1.6516 billion in 2019, and
  • 2.768 billion in 2020.

Five unique quarter designs are issued every year. Those for 2020 include:

Tallgrass Prairie Quarter Mintages Revealed

The Mint’s latest round of figures include mintages of Kansas’ Tallgrass Prairie quarter, that last of the five 2020 quarters released. They registered at 142.4 million from Denver and 101.2 million from Philadelphia for a combined 243.6 million — the lowest of the 2020 quarters but nowhere near a mintage low in the series.

Fifty-five unique America the Beautiful quarter designs have been released from 2010 to 2020. The 2016 Harpers Ferry National Historical quarter for West Virginia remains the mintage leader at 858.63 million and the 2012 Chaco Culture National Historical Park quarter for New Mexico remains at the bottom of the pack at 44 million.

The scarcest America the Beautiful quarter dollar issue by production facility is the Denver Mint-struck 2012-D Acadia National Park quarter at 21.6 million. The ‘P’ and ‘D’ Chaco Culture quarters follow with each at 22 million.

The U.S. Mint has produced over 18 billion America the Beautiful Quarters with each celebrating a different national park or national site in the United States or its territories. The final, 56th-quarter in the series honors Alabama’s Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site. It will be released in February.

Here is a breakdown of production totals by quarter design and coin production facility:

2010 – 2020 America the Beautiful Quarters Mintages

  Denver Philadelphia Total
2010 Hot Springs National Park 34,000,000 35,600,000 69,600,000
2010 Yellowstone National Park 34,800,000 33,600,000 68,400,000
2010 Yosemite National Park 34,800,000 35,200,000 70,000,000
2010 Grand Canyon National Park 35,400,000 34,800,000 70,200,000
2010 Mount Hood National Forest 34,400,000 34,400,000 68,800,000
2011 Gettysburg National Military Park 30,400,000 30,800,000 61,200,000
2011 Glacier National Park 31,200,000 30,400,000 61,600,000
2011 Olympic National Park 30,600,000 30,400,000 61,000,000
2011 Vicksburg National Military Park 33,400,000 30,800,000 64,200,000
2011 Chickasaw National Recreation Area 69,400,000 73,800,000 143,200,000
2012 El Yunque Quarter 25,000,000 25,800,000 50,800,000
2012 Chaco Culture Quarter 22,000,000 22,000,000 44,000,000
2012 Acadia Quarter 21,606,000 24,800,000 46,406,000
2012 Hawai’i Quarter 78,600,000 46,200,000 124,800,000
2012 Denali Quarter 166,600,000 135,400,000 302,000,000
2013 White Mountain Quarter 107,600,000 68,800,000 176,400,000
2013 Perry’s Victory Quarter 131,600,000 107,800,000 239,400,000
2013 Great Basin Quarter 141,400,000 122,400,000 263,800,000
2013 Fort McHenry Quarter 151,400,000 120,000,000 271,400,000
2013 Mount Rushmore Quarter 272,400,000 231,800,000 504,200,000
2014 Great Smoky Mountains Quarter 99,400,000 73,200,000 172,600,000
2014 Shenandoah National Park Quarter 197,800,000 112,800,000 310,600,000
2014 Arches National Park Quarter 251,400,000 214,200,000 465,600,000
2014 Great Sand Dunes Quarter 171,800,000 159,600,000 331,400,000
2014 Everglades National Park Quarter 142,400,000 157,601,200 300,001,200
2015 Homestead National Monument of America Quarter 248,600,000 214,400,000 463,000,000
2015 Kisatchie National Forest Quarter 379,600,000 397,200,000 776,800,000
2015 Blue Ridge Parkway Quarter 505,200,000 325,616,000 830,816,000
2015 Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge Quarter 206,400,000 275,000,000 481,400,000
2015 Saratoga National Historical Park Quarter 215,800,000 223,000,000 438,800,000
2016 Shawnee National Forest Quarter 151,800,000 155,600,000 307,400,000
2016 Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Quarter 223,200,000 215,400,000 438,600,000
2016 Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Quarter 424,000,000 434,630,000 858,630,000
2016 Theodore Roosevelt National Park Quarter 223,200,000 231,600,000 454,800,000
2016 Fort Moultrie Quarter 142,200,000 154,400,000 296,600,000
2017 Effigy Mounds National Monument Quarter 210,800,000 271,200,000 482,000,000
2017 Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Quarter 185,800,000 184,800,000 370,600,000
2017 Ozark National Scenic Riverways Quarter 200,000,000 203,000,000 403,000,000
2017 Ellis Island National Monument Quarter 254,000,000 234,000,000 488,000,000
2017 George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Quarter 180,800,000 191,600,000 372,400,000
2018 Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Quarter (MI) 182,600,000 186,714,000 369,314,000
2018 Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Quarter (WI) 216,600,000 223,200,000 439,800,000
2018 Voyageurs National Park Quarter (MN) 197,800,000 237,400,000 435,200,000
2018 Cumberland Island National Seashore Quarter (GA) 151,600,000 138,000,000 289,600,000
2018 Block Island National Wildlife Refuge Quarter (RI) 159,600,000 159,600,000 319,200,000
2019 Lowell National Historical Park Quarter (MA) 182,200,000 165,800,000 348,000,000
2019 American Memorial Park Quarter (MP) 182,600,000 142,800,000 325,400,000
2019 War in the Pacific National Historical Park Quarter (GU) 114,400,000 116,600,000 231,000,000
2019 San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Quarter (TX) 129,400,000 142,800,000 272,200,000
2019 Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness Quarter (ID) 251,600,000 223,400,000 475,000,000
2020 National Park of American Samoa Quarter (AS) 212,200,000 286,000,000 498,200,000
2020 Weir Farm National Historic Site Quarter (CY) 155,000,000 125,600,000 280,600,000
2020 Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve Quarter (USVI) 515,000,000 580,200,000 1,095,200,000
2020 Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Quarter (VT) 345,800,000 304,600,000 650,400,000
2020 Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Quarter (KS) 142,400,000 101,200,000 243,600,000
Total 9,239,606,000 8,837,561,200 18,077,167,200

 

Coin Production in December 2020

December is generally a sluggish month of coin production as the U.S. Mint readies their tooling for the upcoming year’s coins. There was a slowing in pressing coins last month but nowhere near typical December levels as 903.5 million were made — more than double the amount produced in December 2019.

Here’s how the month stacks up against others in the past year:

December 2019 to December 2020 Circulating Coin Production

Month Mintages Rank
December 2020 903.50 M 10
November 2020 1,165.10 M 7
October 2020 1,404.69 M 5
September 2020 1,422.59 M 4
August 2020 1,657.06 M 2
July 2020 1,697.74 M 1
June 2020 1,596.48 M 3
May 2020 904.12 M 9
April 2020 801.84 M 12
March 2020 898.86 M 11
February 2020 1,094.30 M 8
January 2020 1,228.08 M 6
December 2019 400.88 M 13

 

This last table shows productions totals by denomination for December:

US Mint Circulating Coin Production in December 2020

Denomination Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cents 244,800,000 190,800,000 435,600,000
Jefferson Nickels 67,200,000 59,500,000 126,700,000
Roosevelt Dimes 151,000,000 86,000,000 237,000,000
ATB Quarters 70,600,000 33,600,000 104,200,000
Kennedy Half Dollars 0 0 0
Native American $1s 0 0 0
Total 533,600,000 369,900,000 903,500,000

 

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Jake

I like the picture. B E A Utiful. Thanks Mike and CN.

billymac11

I notice that while the Not Intended For Circulation half dollars and Native American Dollars are counted in the totals, mintages for the equally not circulated Innovation Dollars are not included. What would make them different so as to not be included in these lists?

(And not to be *too* picky, but since West Point made circulating quarters in the (very) low millions, but circulating indeed, and San Francisco also minted quarters in circulation quality (but not actually circulated) up to high 6-figures for each design, why wouldn’t they be counted, too?