2023 Federal Reserve Order for Banknotes Peaks at 8.6 Billion

The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System order for banknotes in FY 2023 is again ranged by denomination

U.S. money production in 2023 will remain fluid for a third straight year, according to a 2023 Federal Reserve order for banknotes submitted earlier this year to the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) and published Nov. 4. The BEP is the government agency within the Treasury Department responsible for printing U.S. currency.

Similar to the prior two years and unlike those from before then, the print order includes ranges of notes by denomination instead of specific totals. The money production order for FY 2023 contains a range of 4.5 billion to 8.6 billion notes, valued at $166.5 billion to $190.5 billion. The figures come from an order approved and submitted by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, the issuing authority for U.S. banknotes.

The Federal Reserve order for FY 2022 was from 6.9 to 9.7 billion notes while the one from FY 2021 was from 7.5 to 9.6 billion notes. In the three most recent orders, ranges have been used to "best match available production with demand throughout the year."

Most of the banknotes produced for the latest fiscal year will be $1s and $100s, like in prior years. $20s are usually in this list as well but they barely appear in the newest order. The order also lacks $2 notes for the first time in three years, which is not unusual given their historical production totals.

Traditionally, most banknotes are manufactured to replace those taken out of circulation because their condition no longer meets the criteria for recirculation or because they are of older designs. Tradition resumes for 2023.

"This year’s print order follows pre-pandemic trends in which the primary driver of the order was the need to replace unfit notes destroyed during normal processing," the Feb Board said in its order.

Cost of Making Federal Reserve Notes

The BEP’s cost of making money varies by banknote. For example, government figures for 2022 show production costs per note at:

  • 7.5 cents for $1s and $2 (from 6.2 cents in 2021)
  • 12.7 cents for $5s (from 10.8 cents in 2021)
  • 12.4 cents for $10s (from 10.8 cents in 2021)
  • 13.8 cents for $20s (from 11.2 cents in 2021)
  • 13.3 cents for $50s (from 11.0 cents in 2021)
  • 17.0 cents for $100s (from 14.0 cents in 2021)

The Fed approved a currency operating budget of $1,060 million for calendar year 2022, up $110.8 million, or 11.7%, from 2021 forecasted expenses of $949.2 million. A currency budget for 2023 is yet to be published.

Banknote Orders by Denomination

The following table shows how the Fed’s latest order breaks down by denomination, number of notes and dollar value:

FY 2023 Federal Reserve Note Print Order

Denomination Number of Notes
(000s of pieces)
Dollar Value
(000s of dollars)
$1 1,939,200 to 4,358,400 $1,939,200 to $4,358,400
$2 0 to 0 $0 to $0
$5 684,800 to 1,344,000 $3,424,000 to $6,720,000
$10 172,800 to 563,200 $1,728,000 to $5,632,000
$20 0 to 512,000 0 to $10,240,000
$50 192,000 to 275,200 $9,600,000 to $13,760,000
$100 1,497,600 to 1,497,600 $149,760,000 to $149,760,000
Total 4,486,400 to 8,550,400 $166,451,200 to $190,470,400

The BEP operates on a fiscal year that begins on Oct. 1 and ends on Sept. 30. They agency produces all U.S. banknotes, and the order for 2023 includes currency set aside for numismatic products.

For reference, the next three tables show banknote orders placed for fiscal years 2020, 2021 and 2022:

FY 2022 Federal Reserve Note Print Order

Denomination Number of Notes
(000s of pieces)
Dollar Value
(000s of dollars)
$1 800,000 to 2,297,600 $800,000 to $2,297,600
$2 102,400 to 204,800 $204,800 to $409,600
$5 403,200 to 601,600 $2,016,000 to $3,008,000
$10 256,000 to 601,600 $2,560,000 to $6,016,000
$20 2,361,600 to 2,598,400 $47,232,000 to $51,968,000
$50 752,000 to 851,200 $37,600,000 to $42,560,000
$100 2,201,600 to 2,499,200 $220,160,000 to $249,920,000
Total 6,876,800 to 9,654,400 $310,572,800 to $356,179,200


FY 2021 Federal Reserve Note Print Order

Denomination Number of Notes
(000s of pieces)
Dollar Value
(000s of dollars)
$1 709,120 to 1,030,400 $709,120 to $1,030,400
$2 38,400 to 51,200 $76,800 to $102,400
$5 419,200 to 467,200 $2,096,000 to $2,336,000
$10 300,800 to 428,800 $3,008,000 to $4,288,000
$20 3,107,200 to 3,968,000 $62,144,000 to $79,360,000
$50 483,200 to 499,200 $24,160,000 to $24,960,000
$100 2,482,176 to 3,196,800 $248,217,600 to $319,680,000
Total 7,568,896 to 9,612,800 $341,237,120 to $430,931,200


FY 2020 Federal Reserve Note Print Order

Denomination Number of Notes
(000s of pieces)
Dollar Value
(000s of dollars)
$1 1,574,400 $1,574,400
$2 0 $0
$5 736,000 $3,680,000
$10 460,800 $4,608,000
$20 1,241,600 $24,832,000
$50 76,800 $3,840,000
$100 1,078,400 $107,840,000
Total 5,168,000 $146,374,400


Lastly, this Fed chart shows orders from FY 2010 to FY 2023:

Federal Reserve Print Orders FY2010-FY2023
Federal Reserve Print Orders FY2010-FY2023. Note: The bars from FY 2021 and onward represent the number of banknotes the BEP committed to delivering in the fiscal year.


The Bureau of Engraving and Printing produces banknotes at facilities in Fort Worth, TX and Washington, D.C. According to Fed data, currency in circulation topped $2.293 trillion through the week ended Nov. 23, 2022.

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Nope, still Remind Me.


will there be a new series or are they gonna continue printing series 2017A?


Maybe next year we’ll start to see the 2021 series. My experience is the BEP tends to be slow issuing new series.


per the fed:

>.  For FY 2023, these priorities include producing a new banknote series with the signatures of the new Treasurer and Secretary

so, presumably that means anytime now (as we are already in FY 2023 since oct 1)

given that this is going to be the first time both signatures on currency will be from women, it’ll probably get a big announcement when it does finally come out. and since ‘international women’s day’ is march 8 next year, I’d bet it will be around that time – but that’s just a guess.


Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen hailed the work done by women in her department as she unveiled the first US banknotes bearing the signature of a female secretary.
The new $1 and $5 bills being printed in Ft. Worth are also the first carrying the signature of a Native American woman — US Treasurer Lynn Malerba. The banknotes will be delivered to the Federal Reserve in December and enter into circulation in January 2023, a Treasury spokesperson said.


December 8th, ALL ASE subscriptions are open!!