U.S. Mint Produces 11.9 Billion Coins for Circulation in 2019

by Mike Unser on January 31, 2020 · 2 comments

2019-D Uncirculated Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness Quarter

This CoinNews photo shows a 2019 Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness quarter. Along with annual coin production figures, the U.S. Mint released mintages for this final 2019-dated quarter design.

The pace of producing U.S. coins for circulation slowed for a fourth straight year after peaking to a 14-year high, the latest manufacturing figures from the United States Mint show.

In 2019, U.S. Mint production facilities in Philadelphia and Denver shipped over 11.9 billion coins to Federal Reserve Banks, marking a decline of 9% from the more than 13.1 billion coins made in 2018.

Contrast these annual figures to the over 17 billion total in 2015 when the U.S. Mint expanded operations and hired more workers as demand for coins ran higher for a sixth consecutive year. Still, the pace in 2019 was 236.6% quicker than in 2009 when U.S. coin production hit rock bottom at just over 3.5 billion coins.

Here is a summary of coin production totals in 2019 compared to those from 2018:

US Mint Annual Coin Production (2019 vs 2018)

  Year 2018 Year 2019 2019 Unit Gain / Loss 2019 % Gain / Loss
Cents 7,803,200,000 7,040,400,000 -762,800,000 -9.8%
Nickels 1,256,400,000 1,094,894,400 -161,505,600 -12.9%
Dimes 2,199,000,000 2,149,000,000 -50,000,000 -2.3%
Quarters 1,853,114,000 1,651,600,000 -201,514,000 -10.9%
Half Dollars 10,900,000 3,400,000 -7,500,000 -68.8%
Native American $1 2,800,000 2,940,000 140,000 5.0%
Total 13,125,414,000 11,942,234,400 -1,183,179,600 -9.0%

 

U.S. Mint plants in Philadelphia and Denver manufacture all of America’s coins for commerce. In 2019, the Philadelphia Mint made 6,052,654,400 coins while the Denver Mint made 5,889,580,000 coins.

Mintages of Kennedy half-dollars and Native American dollars are smaller than other coins because they are no longer produced for circulation — Federal Reserve Banks do not order them from the U.S. Mint for distribution into the economy. The two coins are now made by the Mint only for numismatic products.

Published mintages for the 2019 Kennedy half-dollar reached 3.4 million coins with equal splits between the Denver and Philadelphia facilities. In contrast, the 2018 half-dollar was the most produced since the one from 2001 with 6.1 million from Denver and 4.8 million from Philadelphia for a combined 10.9 million coins.

Reported mintages for the space-themed 2019 Native American dollar logged in at 1.54 million for Denver and 1.4 million for Philadelphia for a combined 2.94 million coins — up 140,000 from the previous year which saw dollar equal splits of 1.4 million from both plants.

Of note, the Federal Reserve always orders more 1-cent coins than any other denomination even as data shows it costs the U.S. Mint 2.06 cents to make and distribute each one. The just over 7 billion made in 2019 represents 59% of the production total for 2019.

This next table shows 2019 circulating coin mintages by production facility, denomination and design.

2019 Circulating Coin Production by Design

  Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cents 3,497,600,000 3,542,800,000 7,040,400,000
Jefferson Nickels 527,040,000 567,854,400 1,094,894,400
Roosevelt Dimes 1,001,500,000 1,147,500,000 2,149,000,000
Lowell National Historical Park Quarter (MA) 182,200,000 165,800,000 348,000,000
American Memorial Park Quarter (MP) 182,600,000 142,800,000 325,400,000
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Quarter (GU) 114,400,000 116,600,000 231,000,000
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Quarter (TX) 129,400,000 142,800,000 272,200,000
Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness Quarter (ID) 251,600,000 223,400,000 475,000,000
Kennedy Half-Dollars 1,700,000 1,700,000 3,400,000
Native American $1 Coins 1,540,000 1,400,000 2,940,000
Total 5,889,580,000 6,052,654,400 11,942,234,400

 

Quarter Mintages

Mintages of the U.S. Mint’s series of America the Beautiful Quarters® had strengthened each year until turning down in 2016. Quarter production slowed again in 2019 with just over 1.65 billion million made, marking a 10.9% drop from 2018.

Annual quarter mintages since the start of the program include:

  • 347 million in 2010,
  • 391.2 million in 2011,
  • 568 million in 2012,
  • 1.455 billion in 2013,
  • 1.58 billion in 2014,
  • 2.99 billion in 2015,
  • 2.35 billion in 2016,
  • 2.11 billion in 2017
  • 1.85 billion in 2018, and
  • 1.6516 billion in 2019.

Five unique quarter designs are issued every year. The America the Beautiful Quarters for 2019 include:

River of No Return Quarter Mintages Revealed

In January, the Mint reported for the first time mintages of Idaho’s Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness quarter. They registered at 251.6 million from Denver and 223.4 million from Philadelphia for a combined 475 million, which is the highest by design for 2019 but pretty much in the middle of the pack when compared to issues from past years.

Fifty different America the Beautiful quarter designs have been released from 2010 to 2019. The 2016 Harpers Ferry National Historical quarter for West Virginia remains the mintage leader at 858.63 million while the 2012 Chaco Culture National Historical Park quarter for New Mexico remains at the bottom of the production charts at 44 million.

The scarcest America the Beautiful quarter dollar issue by production facility is the Denver Mint-struck 2012-D Acadia National Park quarter at 21.6 million. The ‘P’ and ‘D’ Chaco Culture quarters follow with each at 22 million.

The U.S. Mint has now produced nearly 15.31 billion America the Beautiful Quarters. Each quarter honors a different national park or national site in the United States or its territories. Here is a breakdown of production totals by quarter design and coin production facility:

2010 – 2019 America the Beautiful Quarters Mintages

  Denver Philadelphia Total
2010 Hot Springs National Park 34,000,000 35,600,000 69,600,000
2010 Yellowstone National Park 34,800,000 33,600,000 68,400,000
2010 Yosemite National Park 34,800,000 35,200,000 70,000,000
2010 Grand Canyon National Park 35,400,000 34,800,000 70,200,000
2010 Mount Hood National Forest 34,400,000 34,400,000 68,800,000
2011 Gettysburg National Military Park 30,400,000 30,800,000 61,200,000
2011 Glacier National Park 31,200,000 30,400,000 61,600,000
2011 Olympic National Park 30,600,000 30,400,000 61,000,000
2011 Vicksburg National Military Park 33,400,000 30,800,000 64,200,000
2011 Chickasaw National Recreation Area 69,400,000 73,800,000 143,200,000
2012 El Yunque Quarter 25,000,000 25,800,000 50,800,000
2012 Chaco Culture Quarter 22,000,000 22,000,000 44,000,000
2012 Acadia Quarter 21,606,000 24,800,000 46,406,000
2012 Hawai’i Quarter 78,600,000 46,200,000 124,800,000
2012 Denali Quarter 166,600,000 135,400,000 302,000,000
2013 White Mountain Quarter 107,600,000 68,800,000 176,400,000
2013 Perry’s Victory Quarter 131,600,000 107,800,000 239,400,000
2013 Great Basin Quarter 141,400,000 122,400,000 263,800,000
2013 Fort McHenry Quarter 151,400,000 120,000,000 271,400,000
2013 Mount Rushmore Quarter 272,400,000 231,800,000 504,200,000
2014 Great Smoky Mountains Quarter 99,400,000 73,200,000 172,600,000
2014 Shenandoah National Park Quarter 197,800,000 112,800,000 310,600,000
2014 Arches National Park Quarter 251,400,000 214,200,000 465,600,000
2014 Great Sand Dunes Quarter 171,800,000 159,600,000 331,400,000
2014 Everglades National Park Quarter 142,400,000 157,601,200 300,001,200
2015 Homestead National Monument of America Quarter 248,600,000 214,400,000 463,000,000
2015 Kisatchie National Forest Quarter 379,600,000 397,200,000 776,800,000
2015 Blue Ridge Parkway Quarter 505,200,000 325,616,000 830,816,000
2015 Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge Quarter 206,400,000 275,000,000 481,400,000
2015 Saratoga National Historical Park Quarter 215,800,000 223,000,000 438,800,000
2016 Shawnee National Forest Quarter 151,800,000 155,600,000 307,400,000
2016 Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Quarter 223,200,000 215,400,000 438,600,000
2016 Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Quarter 424,000,000 434,630,000 858,630,000
2016 Theodore Roosevelt National Park Quarter 223,200,000 231,600,000 454,800,000
2016 Fort Moultrie Quarter 142,200,000 154,400,000 296,600,000
2017 Effigy Mounds National Monument Quarter 210,800,000 271,200,000 482,000,000
2017 Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Quarter 185,800,000 184,800,000 370,600,000
2017 Ozark National Scenic Riverways Quarter 200,000,000 203,000,000 403,000,000
2017 Ellis Island National Monument Quarter 254,000,000 234,000,000 488,000,000
2017 George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Quarter 180,800,000 191,600,000 372,400,000
2018 Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Quarter (MI) 182,600,000 186,714,000 369,314,000
2018 Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Quarter (WI) 216,600,000 223,200,000 439,800,000
2018 Voyageurs National Park Quarter (MN) 197,800,000 237,400,000 435,200,000
2018 Cumberland Island National Seashore Quarter (GA) 151,600,000 138,000,000 289,600,000
2018 Block Island National Wildlife Refuge Quarter (RI) 159,600,000 159,600,000 319,200,000
Lowell National Historical Park Quarter (MA) 182,200,000 165,800,000 348,000,000
American Memorial Park Quarter (MP) 182,600,000 142,800,000 325,400,000
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Quarter (GU) 114,400,000 116,600,000 231,000,000
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Quarter (TX) 129,400,000 142,800,000 272,200,000
Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness Quarter (ID) 251,600,000 223,400,000 475,000,000
Total 7,869,206,000 7,439,961,200 15,309,167,200

 

Coin Production in December 2019

December is traditionally a slow coin production month as the U.S. Mint readies its tooling for the upcoming year’s coins. Last December rang in at 400.8 million coins, falling 55.4% from November and 28.5% from December 2018.

Here’s how the month ranks against others in the past year:

December 2018 to December 2019 Circulating Coin Production

Month Mintages Rank
December 2019 400.88 M 13
November 2019 898.38 M 9
October 2019 1,154.94 M 5
September 2019 939.66 M 8
August 2019 767.32 M 10
July 2019 1,202.10 M 4
June 2019 1,021.654 M 7
May 2019 485.24 M 12
April 2019 1,253.76 M 3
March 2019 1,054.90 M 6
February 2019 1,256.10 M 2
January 2019 1,507.30 M 1
December 2018 560.64 M 11

 

This last table shows coinage totals for December:

US Mint Circulating Coin Production in December 2019

Denomination Denver Philadelphia Total
Lincoln Cents 145,600,000 56,400,000 202,000,000
Jefferson Nickels 29,480,000 8,400,000 37,880,000
Roosevelt Dimes 36,500,000 17,500,000 54,000,000
ATB Quarters 69,000,000 38,000,000 107,000,000
Kennedy Half Dollars 0 0 0
Native American $1s 0 0 0
Total 280,580,000 120,300,000 400,880,000

 

Coin production figures in this coin news article are based on data aggregated from the Mint’s webpage at: https://www.usmint.gov/about/production-sales-figures/circulating-coins-production.

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Stewart Davis

I guess the joke is really on us, the US citizens. A comfy 7 BILLION pennies made last year, what an absolute waste of money. Only the collector market needs to be made, not a single for circulation, they are unnecessary. For the love of God…please stop the madness.

domenic

In an age where more and more people use debit cards, alternate ways to pay and do not use physical money there definitely seems to be disconnect on why they are producing so many coins anyway.