New York gold futures fell below $1,170 an ounce on Tuesday as a surging U.S. dollar and plunging oil prices pressured the yellow metal away from five-month highs. Profit-taking was also a cited factor in pulling down prices.
Other metals declined as well, with silver falling 5.3 percent, palladium dropping 6.0 percent and platinum retreating 2.5 percent.
European area debt issues remained in the news, which helped strengthen the greenback and weakened financial markets. U.S. stocks tumbled, with the major indexes retreating between 2 and 3 percent.
New York precious metal figures follow:
Gold for June delivery dropped $14.10, or 1.2 percent, to $1,169.20 an ounce. It ranged from $1,166.90 to $1,192.80 — the highest price since December 4.
Silver for July delivery plunged 99.8 cents to $17.842 an ounce. It ranged from $17.820 to $18.850.
- July platinum fell $43.10 to $1,685.80 an ounce. It ranged from $1,675.10 to $1,734.20.
- June palladium plummeted $33.00 to $515.25 an ounce. It ranged from $512.00 to $546.45.
In PM London bullion, the benchmark gold price was fixed earlier in the North American day to $1,185.00 an ounce, rising $5.75 from Friday (UK markets were closed on Monday). Silver gained 9 cents to $18.710 an ounce. Platinum settled at $1,712.00 an ounce, declining $26.00. Palladium ended down $23.00 to $529.00 an ounce.
"The market clearly hasn’t been impressed by this Greek package," Matt Zeman, a trader at LaSalle Futures Group in Chicago, said on MarketWatch. "With the dollar being as strong as it is, [gold] is finally coming under pressure. The market was also kind of due for a pullback."
"It’s a general risk-aversion day, and people have to look to exit where there’s been value," Kevin Davitt, a senior market strategist at LaSalle Futures Group in Chicago, said on Bloomberg. "Gold has been quite strong, so on days like this, gold gets hit."
"The IMF’s gold reserves declined by 18.5 tonnes (595,000 ounces) in March on the heels of a 5.6 tonne sale of gold in February," wrote Jon Nadler, senior analyst at Kitco Metals, Inc. "While that figure appears small relative to the big plays in the futures and/or ETF markets, it represents a full year’s worth of global bullion coin sales by a leading mint." [Read Nadler’s full commentary.]
Gold, considered a hedge during times of high inflation and economic uncertainty, tends to follow oil and move opposite to the U.S. dollar. A rising greenback makes dollar-denominated commodities more expensive for holders of other world currencies.
Oil and gasoline prices
Crude oil tumbled on Tuesday, "pulled into their worst one-day drop since early February by a rising dollar, falling U.S. stocks and signs of cooler Chinese growth," wrote Claudia Assis and Polya Lesova of MarketWatch.
"Prices are considerably lower because the dollar is very strong and equities are being pounded," Addison Armstrong, director of market research at Tradition Energy, a Stamford, Connecticut-based procurement adviser, said on Bloomberg Businessweek. "There’s been a strong reversal over the last 24 hours after we failed to hang above $87 for a second time."
New York crude oil for June delivery fell $3.45, or 4 percent, to $82.74 a barrel.
However, the national average for regular unleaded gasoline rose nine-tenths of a cent to $2.904 a gallon, according to AAA fuel data. The current average is 4.6 cents higher than last week, 7.8 cents more than a month back, and 83.1 cents higher than the average from a year ago.
U.S. stocks plunged also, as "worries that the global recovery could suffer if Europe’s efforts to contain Greece’s debt problems don’t succeed, and if China’s efforts to slow its booming economy go too far," wrote Alexandra Twin of CNNMoney.com.
"The biggest concern today remains the European peripheral countries and Spain is the big one because there’s fear of another downgrade," Sal Catrini, a managing director for equities at Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. in New York, said on Bloomberg. "That’s shaking things up today."
The Dow Jones industrial average declined 225.06 points, or 2.02 percent, to 10,926.77. The S&P 500 Index fell 28.66 points, or 2.38 percent, to 1,173.60. The Nasdaq Composite Index retreated 74.49 points, or 2.98 percent, to 2,424.25.
by Jon Nadler, Kitco Metals Inc.
Whatever ‘victory’ the Greek bailout is thought to represent for the euro (i.e. that a devaluation of its currency did not have to take place due to the very fact that it uses the common currency) it was certainly of the Pyrrhic variety, and it was obviously still not reflected in the currency’s trading level as of this morning. Neither was the rescue package news greeted with any cheer among Greek state workers who escalated their protests against the coming austerity measures.
Hardly anyone is not on strike or planning not to go on strike over in Greece anymore. That includes pilots in the air force who reported they were ‘too sick’ to fly yesterday. Sick from coming pay cuts, that is. The euro fell to 1.308 at last check, while the US dollar surged another 0.49 to reach 82.85 on the trade-weighted index. As the quest for a euro alternative continued, specs continued to lift gold and the dollar in tandem, while white and noble metals took various haircuts this morning (in large part due to Chinese tightening and slowing demand growth fears).
Spot gold opened the Tuesday session with a $6.10 gain, quoted at $1188.40 as participants staged yet another assault at the $1190 price marker. Gold bulls are taking the parallel rise in gold and the dollar in stride, and the focus has shifted to euro-bashing from last fall’s incessant dollar requiems. Whatever excuse works. The IMF’s gold reserves declined by 18.5 tonnes (595,000 ounces) in March on the heels of a 5.6 tonne sale of gold in February. While that figure appears small relative to the big plays in the futures and/or ETF markets, it represents a full year’s worth of global bullion coin sales by a leading mint.
Meanwhile, yesterday’s $800 future gold forecast by a Barclays strategist engendered howls of disbelief among die-hard dyed-in-the-wool gold bugs who chose to shoot the messenger rather than allow for any variance in perma-bullish opinion (currently, once again, at a fever-pitch). However, one of the longest-standing and most respected names in this business has now also scaled back on edge-of-space price projections.
Robin Bhar (analyst at Credit Agricole in London) said in a report this morning that gold will likely trade at $1100 in half a year and at $1050 in one year — those figures lower by $150 and by $125 than previous estimates. Go figure. Must be that everyone at every institutional source is drinking some wicked, bearish Kool-Aid. This should be good for another 23 pieces of hate mail. Folks, we call’em as they see’em, even if they are a 1:100 minority. You do want to be fully informed, no?
Silver declined 8 cents on the open, starting the day at $18.72 per ounce. Meanwhile, platinum shed $6 to open at $1715.00 and palladium fell $5 to the $535.00 level on profit-taking and the aforementioned apprehensions related to Chinese demand. In fact, Chinese Purchasing Managers Index levels have fallen to 55.4 from a 57 reading recently. Mining firm shares continued to receive a drubbing this morning despite the gain in gold, as Australia’s proposed 40% ‘Henry Tax’ on resource company profits (even though it won’t come until mid-2012) kept sellers busy and buyers at bay.
No change was once again reported in rhodium — still parked at the $2800.00 bid level. Technicals indicate that — mentioned yesterday-little stands in the way of achieving the $1200 psychological mark for the bulls at this point. Albeit physical markets show increasing resistance (scrap flows) above the $1180 area, futures market spec longs remain in the driver’s seat and are currently calling the shots. The overt stratagem is to continue to plant fears of the Greek contagion engulfing all of the PIIGS and the EU collapsing into a smoldering pile of default rubble, with more than a few bull spokespersons alluding to the US as being "next in line" for staging a Greek-style tragedy.
And now, back to…bubbles. While Paul Krugman has an excellent article on bubble denial as applicable to the former housing-flavoured one in the USA in the NY Times (and, again, here) another bubble study has caught our eye on Before It’s News.com yesterday.
Here we have an experiment conducted by Prof. Sornette from the Department of Management, Technology and Economics in Zurich. Prof. Sornette asserts that financial markets are not random, and that one can forecast bubbles within them. First, for some nuts & bolts definitional issues: How does a financial bubble develop? The key: herd mentality. Much like what you see today in the gold market.
"Whilst the behavior of individual actors cannot be predicted, their collective behavior certainly can. Individual investors do not behave independently of one another, but rather are influenced by collective mechanisms like imitation, herd instincts or the media. Imitation and herd instincts trigger an increase in collective actions: if increasing prices are expected, it leads to even higher expectations of increasing prices and so on. Through this self-acceleration, growth, which on average is typically presumed to be exponential on average in a stable economy, is faster than exponential in such phases. This hyper-exponential growth is one of the indicators of a bubble."
The other key element in the Swiss experiment and bubble-sniffing tool is to identify ‘regime shifts’ — i.e. phases of strong growth being replaced by one that manifest only moderate patterns of same, or perhaps even declines. The Swiss Prof. selected Brazil’s IBOVEST, the Merrill Lynch bond index, gold, and cotton for his recent study. The results? Ponder for yourself:
"Gold: Forecast: between 10.13.2009 and 9.7.2010 the probability of a regime shift is 95%; between 11.5.2009 and 2.25.2010 it is 60%. Result: the regime shift occurred within the forecast window: the price dropped by 11% in 20 days and 13% in 68 days in all. The other indicators confirm this."
The work being undertaken at the Financial Crisis Observatory should remain on your radar as we go forward. The team was among the first to try and figure these things out with the application of some science rather than ‘gut check’ pronouncements. They took four quite disparate assets, forecast that they would form bubbles within the ensuing six months, and when such bubbles might develop. Will the findings change the behavior of crowds? We doubt it. Should they be considered before jumping into the next ‘hot’ thing? Goes without saying.
Kitco Metals Inc.
In addition to bullion 2010 American Silver Eagles that are already available, the United States Mint this year will also issue 5 oz. bullion America the Beautiful Silver Coins that are duplicates of the America the Beautiful Quarters. The first five of the coins will be released this summer. To see the U.S. locations honored on these silver coins, check out a sister CoinNews site and its page America the Beautiful Silver Coin Release Dates.