Odyssey Shipwreck and Legal Battle with Spain Moves Forward


Justice ScaleA federal judge moved a legal battle forward by ruling Thursday on several counts between Spain and Odyssey Marine Exploration, a deep-sea treasure-hunting firm based in Tampa, Florida. The legal counts revolved around sites and a shipwreck that yielded a potential $500 million in Colonial-era gold and silver coins.

Odyssey discovered a 17-ton bounty of treasure in the Atlantic Ocean last May and since, has found itself in a contested legal battle with Spain over its ownership.

Odyssey says the 17th-century shipwreck, they code-named the “Black Swan”, was found in international waters and the treasure was legally retrieved. Spain contends the treasure is a part of their country’s cultural heritage and should be returned.

In a written ruling Thursday, U.S. District Judge Steven D. Merryday covered six counts. Two were refusals to grant Spain’s motion to dismiss:

  • Odyssey’s claim for "possession and ownership of a shipwrecked vessel and artifacts recovered from the vessel"

  • Odyssey’s complaint for "a salvage award for service to a
    vessel and artifacts in maritime peril"

In an Odyssey release following the ruling, CEO Greg Stemm commented:


“This makes it clear that the first phase of these cases is complete and we can get beyond Spain’s invalid arguments that Odyssey has not pled its case adequately. This means we can move forward to determine what basis, if any, Spain has for the claims it has made to these wreck sites."


However, Judge Merryday also ruled not to grant:

  • Odyssey’s complaint for a declaration that the "shipwrecked vessel and artifacts are beyond
    the territorial waters of any nation and subject to the law of abandonment, finds, or salvage"

  • Odyssey a preliminary injunction to "secure the integrity of the recovery operation against interference from a third party."

  • Odyssey’s claim for damages "arising from certain allegedly tortious acts by Spain that allegedly interfered with and burdened the activity of Odyssey and that breach an alleged duty of Spain to refrain from interference."

In regard to these areas, the Odyssey statement said:


The Court’s denial of certain Counts of the complaints relates only to jurisdiction. The Judge did not determine that Odyssey has no right to damages against Spain as a result of Spain’s illegal actions against Odyssey and its vessels, only that he does not have the authority to award such damages.


One thing is now clearer … the legal battle continues, but is at least moving forward.

Odyssey’s full release statement is embedded here:

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