Gold Tops $1,189/oz in New Record

by on November 25, 2009 · 0 comments

Bullion update ... New York gold futures on Wednesday jumped to a record high of just above $1,189 an ounce as the US dollar slid and reports surfaced that India’s central bank may purchase more gold from the International Monetary Fund. The daily gain is the ninth straight for the yellow metal.

Other commodities jumped as well, with silver, platinum and oil rising between 1.7 percent and 2.5 percent. US stocks also closed stronger, with the Dow reaching a new 2009 high.

New York precious metal figures follow:

  • Silver for December delivery soared 31.3 cents, or 1.7 percent, to $18.768 an ounce. It ranged from $18.520 to $18.800.

  • Gold for December delivery jumped $21.20, or 1.8 percent, to $1,187.00 an ounce. It ranged from $1,166.80 to $1,189.40.

  • January platinum climbed $35.70, or 2.5 percent, to $1,479.50 an ounce. It ranged from $1,445.50 to $1,482.00.

In PM London bullion, the benchmark gold price was fixed earlier in the day to $1,179.75 an ounce, which was an increase of $16.50 from Tuesday. Silver rose 6 cents to $18.630 an ounce. Platinum was settled at $1,469.00 an ounce, for a gain of $11.00.

Notable bullion quotes of the day follow:


"There is a lot of central-bank buying, hedge-fund buying and gold is obviously getting to $1,200 an ounce before the end of the year," David Lee, a trader at Heraeus Precious Metals Management in New York, told Bloomberg in a telephone interview.

For years, many central banks were net sellers of gold. "The fact that they’ve changed in sentiment, instead of selling gold are buying gold, has provided a huge lift to gold prices," Suki Cooper, a precious metals analyst for Barclays Capital, said on MarketWatch.

"Risk appetite grew on the heels of reports that India may decide to raise its gold allocation to 8% by possibly purchasing the remainder of the gold that the IMF has made available in its quest for cash," wrote Jon Nadler, senior analyst at Kitco Metals, Inc. " [Read Nadler’s full commentary.]


Gold, considered a hedge during times of high inflation and economic uncertainty, tends to follow oil and move opposite to the U.S. dollar. A rising greenback makes dollar-denominated commodities, like bullion, more expensive for holders of other world currencies.

Oil and gasoline prices

Crude oil rose "as a weaker dollar boosted dollar-denominated commodities prices and as government data showed U.S. crude inventories increasing less than expected," wrote Moming Zhou and Polya Lesova, MarketWatch.


"It’s the weakening dollar," Ken Hasegawa, a commodity derivatives sales manager at Newedge in Tokyo, said on Bloomberg. "Gold and the stock markets are extending their year highs so I believe the crude oil market will be steady."


New York crude-oil for January delivery surged $1.94, or 2.6 percent, to $77.97 a barrel.

The national average for regular unleaded gasoline retreated two-tenths of a cent to $2.638 a gallon, according to AAA fuel data. The price is 1.1 cents higher than last week, 2.7 cents lower than a month back, and 73.0 cents higher than a year ago.

U.S. Stocks

U.S. stocks rose "with commodity and consumer-related issues leading a modest rally helped by upbeat data on joblessness and consumer spending on the eve of the Thanksgiving holiday," wrote Peter McKay and Donna Kardos Yesalavich of MarketWatch.

The Dow Jones industrial average rose 30.69 points, or 0.29 percent, to 10,464.40. The S&P 500 Index climbed 4.98 points, or 0.45 percent, to 1,110.63. The Nasdaq Composite Index added 6.87 points, or 0.32 percent, to close at 2,176.05.

Gold, Silver, and Metals: Prices and Commentary – Nov. 25
by Jon Nadler, Kitco Metals Inc.

Hyperinflation. Of Sentiment

Good Day,

The figures mentioned in yesterday’s comment as possible betting markers in the on-going global gold roulette turned such bets into rich chips overnight, as the 75 level on the dollar index was once again breached, the euro pushed back to just above 1.50 against the greenback, and the $1175 level on gold was not only touched, but surpassed by a further $8 per ounce. Last night’s risk appetite grew on the heels of reports that India may decide to raise its gold allocation to 8% by possibly purchasing the remainder of the gold that the IMF has made available in its quest for cash.

The timing or the price of such a transaction was not made clear, but negotiations could be under way. Before too much is once again made of the headline, do recall that the country had as much as 20% of its reserves in gold, circa 15 years ago. When viewed in that context, the addition of a 2 or 4 percent gold allocation to a reserve level that was -as of September-at but 4% will look like what it is: on-going, active reserve management and a play for a larger role within the IMF. Whether or not the purchases will eventually come to be regarded as the polar opposite of what the UK once did with part of its reserves in terms of timing and price, well, that remains to be seen and should probably be left to only Indian nationals to praise or to criticise.

New York spot gold dealings opened the pre-holiday session with strong gains – fueled by the short-the-dollar euphoria which has powered them $100 higher in but a few days’ time. The metal was seen having a relatively easy time adding dollar after dollar of gains as the US dollar fell to 74.50 on the trade-weighted index in early morning action. Gold added $13 to start at $1181.20 per troy ounce, silver rose 20 cents to $18.67 per ounce, and platinum gained $23 to $1470 per ounce. Palladium climbed $4 to $371 per troy ounce.

Gold buyers this morning once again ignored the technical picture, as well as news from the physical side of the market, where “scrap supply rose as consumers sold their holdings at record prices. The availability of recycled gold in India, the world’s largest consumer, rose 12.5 per cent in the third quarter of the current calendar year on heavy selling of used jewellery by retail consumers at record high prices.” This, from the Business Standard, India.

The noble metals complex as well, responded more to the same dollar-carry action rather than the news that U.K. platinum refiner Johnson Matthey  reported a 20% drop in fiscal first-half profit, hurt by slumping demand for cars. The company maintained it did well given global vehicle sales slumped 16% and average platinum prices fell 33%. Car sales are important to Johnson Matthey because catalytic converters contain platinum metals. The company said it’s not sure how car sales will go from here. “A recovery in heavy duty diesel vehicle sales in the key European and North American markets is equally hard to predict.” But tighter 2010 emissions standards for on-road heavy-duty-diesel vehicles can “substantially” increase potential catalyst sales per vehicle.

The economic and market calendars offered a mixed bag this morning, as usual. The number of initial unemployment filings in the US fell to 466,000 from 501,000 in the previous reporting week. Such positive news was quickly offset by a 0.6% (actually 1.3% drop excluding transportation) decline in durable good orders. Such negative news was then offset by a rise in new-home sales, consumer spending, and sentiment. The dollar pared losses, oil fell on inventory level jitters, and the Dow rose an anemic 23 points. Book-squaring will define the afternoon hours, and the market will close early on Friday. Thus, the focus moves to Monday, and to another emerging white-hot commodity: Meleagris Gallopavo. We hear it is making new chart highs today.

Analysts at Belgium’s offered an early morning glimpse into the technical makeup of the current gold market and found that: "$1,200 is definitely the short-term bull target as long as the EUR/USD pair remains above 1.50".  Persistent strength was seen following the December options expiry and charts are now massively in overbought territory. "The 14-day RSI is hovering above 85, which is starting to look like beyond common sense". A London trader said in an interview that "participants are also taking their advantage of thin market liquidity ahead of the US Thanksgiving holiday tomorrow."

Other market watchers are also picking up on the issues presented by the divergence of market prices and market fundamentals at play in gold. Bullion’s furious rise to near $1200 is engendering its own version of ‘demand destruction’ – a term that applied to oil and various other commodities during the last bubble – only some 18 months ago. Not only are users not using, but holders of ‘old’ gold are selling into record prices, leaving the spec funds alone in the driver’s seat of a bus with no brake pedal and a steering wheel stuck at dead-center. Look out for curves ahead, argues Value View Gold Report’s Ned Schmidt (who, by-the-way, remains a strong gold bull for the future and sees eventual targets of $1724 -but based on a different set of conditions) someone who’s been tracking this metal for far longer than the starry-eyed MBA’s running computerized programs under the current gold market:

“Well, we may have a little deja vu all over again. What is the commonality between oil at $140 and gold at more than $1,100? The answer is that demand for the oil was declining as oil approached $140, and the same is happening in Gold.  "Gold demand fell 34 per cent in the third quarter as high prices weighed on investment flows and led to a slump in jewellery buying in key markets like India and the Middle East, a World Gold Council report showed last Thursday. But speculation in gold futures and expectations for more official sector bullion buying are keeping prices elevated despite a dearth of physical demand, according to the WGC’s investment research manager Rozanna Wozniak."

"’For most of last year, the buying was very physical,’ said Wozniak. ‘(Now), it seems to be more financial market-driven, by some of those other less visible instruments — derivatives, futures, over-the-counter transactions."’ That physical demand is sparse and speculative demand is strong should serve as a warning of impending danger in the market for $ gold.

Do high risk and danger mean automatically that $ gold’s price should decline? No, it does not. However, the risk in $ gold is on par with risks that existed before the hedge fund induced mania in commodities last burst. Oil has not seen $147 since. Per the statistical elves at Barron’s, speculators in the U.S. alone are net long a little more than 280 thousand contracts for future delivery of gold.

Assuming all E-Mini contracts, those holdings would be the equivalent of about 280 metric tons. Assuming all full size gold contracts, the equivalent is about 870 metric tons. Reality is obviously somewhere in between. Remember, all of those gold contracts were bought on margin, a recurring source of credit bubbles. That speculative demand far exceeds the real demand of buyers such as the Reserve Bank of India, another momentum buyer, should be acknowledged. A nice little speculative mania has been created in futures if ever one existed. Buyers beware should the chart patterns start to cause those traders to attempt to exit their position. To whom would they sell?”

Well, maybe they could try and find some of the merchants whose heavy-handed, gold-infused advertising is saturating the angry right’s airwaves of late. CNBC’s Keith Olbermann found that one favorite regular of his ‘Worst Persons in The World’ nightly list, Glenn Beck, is particularly in the thick of it all, flogging gold to his followers, and then some. Said Olbermann last night of Beck’s “Holy Trinity” that: “Predicting a collapse of the American economy, he [Beck] advised: “I like to call the 3G system here for this. It’s God, Gold, and Guns. Now personally you might take God and put him as an umbrella over the whole thing, and then you got your gun and your gold down here, too.”

Once again, Beck’s dirty little secret it that American society means as much to him as faith means to a televangelist. It’s a scam. A cash cow. He’s in it for the money. He keeps trying to sell people gold, largely because a disproportionately large percentage of his advertisers sell people…gold. Here’s a fact Beck never mentions: The gold sellers will buy gold back from you at about 60 or 70 percent of the going retail price they charge you. In other words, if you buy gold and the price doesn’t go up 30 or 40 percent, you will never make you money back, let alone make a profit.”

But, the hyperinflation…of hype goes on. The Wall Street Journal’s Brett Arends sees it as follows, in a Marketwatch piece:

“Witness the hype. The TV commercials. The once-skeptical investors jumping on board. The booming markets in Asia, where it has always been popular. Ominous whispers that global supply has “peaked.” And, of course, new record-setting prices. Equities had their turn. So did commodities. Why not gold? Hucksters on TV and AM radio are urging you to stock up on gold to protect your money against “the ravages of inflation.”

Charts showing the financial markets’ best guess of where inflation will be for the next 20 years mostly reveal the huge “deflation” panic during the financial crisis last year. Inflation expectations collapsed as the turmoil led many people to fear a Japanese-style slump, or even a disastrous 1930s-style era when prices actually fell. Mr. Arends continues:

“The second thing that stands out from these charts? The massive, overwhelming, extraordinary… absence of any hyperinflation panic whatsoever. Right now the bond markets are predicting inflation will average about 2.4% over the next two decades. A few years ago they thought it would be closer to… 3%.  And this is not a forecast for consumer price increases over the next one, three or five years. This is the forecast for the next two decades. The year 2029 is as distant to us as we are from 1989.

Some years ago, when I was researching my first financial book, on sports betting, I was struck again and again by the human ability to see something that isn’t there. (During the 2002 Super Bowl, fans continued to bet on the heavily favored St. Louis Rams to trounce the underdog new England Patriots well into the game – even as the Patriots were already showing the strength that would take them on to win.) People will see, and bet on, what they expect to see, what they want to see, or even what they are told they are seeing, as often as they will see, and bet on, what they are actually seeing. In this instance it is remarkable the number of people who are “seeing” hyperinflation down the road where none is, so far, apparent.

Second, this forecast is one embedded in bond prices. So it’s merely a market forecast, not one written in stone. Obviously the bond market may have it wrong. Inflation may come in much higher than expected. Indeed that has to be a major risk, and investors need to be on guard against it. But before gold bugs point to the booming gold price as “proof” that the bond market is wrong on inflation, they need — at least intellectually — to concede that the reverse might also be true: That it might be the gold price that is out of line, and the bond market that has it correct.

So if the booming gold price says anything important about the future, it isn’t simply proof that inflation is about to skyrocket. There are lots of things keeping inflation low, as well. (Bijal Shah, global strategist at investment firm Icap in London, thinks U.S. inflation may be as low as 1% late next year). And even if gold works over the very long term as a hedge against inflation, be aware that long term may be too long for you, the individual investor, anyway. Gold prices can fall for years, even decades, in real terms. Someone who bought it near the last peak, in 1979-1980, saw most of their purchasing power erode over the next 20 years. In practical terms gold was a disastrous investment.

Peter Bernstein, the legendary investor and financial writer who died earlier this year, observed casually in his classic 2000 book “The Power of Gold” that “the purchasing power of gold in terms of goods and services was many times greater in the Middle Ages than it is today.” Since publication, of course, prices have roughly quadrupled. However, in real terms, even today it has only just recovered the ground lost from typical levels seen 30 years ago, and it remains far below its momentary 1980 peak of $850. (In today’s dollars that would be about $2,200 an ounce)

If gold really is effective as an inflation protection, that may apply most to institutions with very long memories indeed — like central banks, university endowments, and wronged first wives. Maybe gold is the next mania. If so, there is still a lot of money to be made speculating.

Remember you make the most money in a bubble right at the end, and usually on the silliest stocks. A gold mania probably won’t burst until we see, say, “” raise $20 billion in a heavily-oversubscribed IPO. But betting on a bubble is a very different thing from relying on a “safe haven” from inflation.”

The white-hot speculation engendered by such apophenia (the phenomenon of seeing things that aren’t there, or the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data) is also drawing some attention in circles where the speculators are hoping no one will notice. Like the circle that makes up the Fed. Jawboning from the US central bank has turned…interesting of late. While the Fed’s take on matters appears to be more of acknowledgement than a shot across the bow of the speculator’s boat, Bloomberg reports that: “Federal Reserve officials said record-low interest rates might fuel "excessive" speculation in financial markets and possibly dislodge expectations for low inflation, according to minutes of their meeting released on Wednesday].

"Members noted the possibility that some negative side effects might result from the maintenance of very low short-term interest rates for an extended period," minutes of the Nov. 3-4 meeting said, "including the possibility that such a policy stance could lead to excessive risk-taking in financial markets or an un-anchoring of inflation expectations." While policy makers agreed that the chances of such effects were "relatively low, they would remain alert to these risks," the minutes showed. 

Gold prices touched an all-time high of $1,174 an ounce in New York yesterday as a slumping dollar boosted the appeal of alternative assets. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index has jumped 63 percent since its 2009 low on March 9, and the U.S. auctioned $44 billion of two-year debt yesterday at a yield of 0.802 percent, the lowest ever. Financial officials in Japan and China, Asia’s two largest economies, said last week that the Fed’s interest-rate policy risks spurring speculative capital that may inflate asset prices and derail the global economic recovery.

"Participants noted that the recent fall in the foreign exchange value of the dollar had been orderly and appeared to reflect an unwinding of safe-haven demand in light of the recovery in financial market conditions this year," the minutes said. "Any tendency for dollar depreciation to intensify or to put significant upward pressure on inflation would bear close watching."

In so many words, the central bankers quoted above, delivered a milder version of  Prof. Nouriel Roubini’s presentation earlier this month, at the Inside Commodities Conference at the NYSE. The trend, in other words, may not at all be your friend, as far as this brand of asset class speculation is concerned. Why, it cold even bring about “asset liquidation part II” if it keeps up and bids dry up eventually. That, when -and not if- the Fed changes course.

We wish everyone in our USA-based audience a HAPPY THANKSGIVING!

The year has turned its circle,
The seasons come and go.
The harvest all is gathered in
And chilly north winds blow.
Orchards have shared their treasures,
The fields, their yellow grain,
So open wide the doorway
Thanksgiving comes again!

Will return on Monday to chronicle whatever the future (and futures) may hold.

Jon Nadler
Senior Analyst
Kitco Bullion Dealers Montreal
Kitco Metals Inc.
North America


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